legal writing, readers expect complete sentences, with a capital for the first word in the sentence and a period after the last word. If the first item is a full sentence or question, later items must also be sentences or questions. These can be useful for avoiding overly long bullet lists by categorizing items into sub-lists. clauses -- an error that grammarians call a comma splice. There is a lot of beauty and gravitas encircling the art of sentence-writing, and our writing sentences worksheets for beginners seek to unfold this in an upbeat manner. EXERCISE 3.5 Identify the types of lists below, Review content to ensure the document contains all necessary information in a logical order, Edit sentence style and structure to make sure it is formal, clear, and correct. Having spent much of my career writing — at first at the Law Society of England and Wales and now at One Legal — I can offer insight into common writing mistakes you must avoid if you’re not to come across as a rookie. These are simply the most common kinds of lists, and ones you should be able to identify and use effectively in your technical writing assignments to enhance readability. While phasing out “like” was pretty simple, removing unnecessary uses of “that” from my writing proved challenging because this word legitimately belongs in many sentences. First things first, what is the difference between a number and a numeral? Just as there are rules for constructing lists, there are rules for how to incorporate them into your text. If the lead-in is a complete sentence (ie. The silence soothed her. In essence, it teaches straight thinking--a skill inseparable from good writing. This total of 150 prepositions is comprehensive at the time of writing, and represents all the prepositions currently found in a good English dictionary. QUALIFYING PHRASES BAD LEGAL WRITERS PUT QUALIFYING PHRASES IN THE MIDDLE OF SENTENCES WHERE THEY DO NOT … If each listed item has complete sentences within it, then you will place a period at the end of each list item. The Legal Writing Center at the City University of New York School of Law offers a ton of great online resources to help with all sorts of legal writings, including tips for drafting client letters, law office memorandums and briefs to the court. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence, while a dependent clause or a phrase can not. Examples of Legal in a sentence. If … ... we have had attorneys and judges write to tell us that good writing is the same in any field and that even legal writing should avoid redundancies. In Chapter Four, Garner discusses how to become a better drafter of legal documents. She rose early every morning. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. Just as bar graphs serve a different purpose than pie charts, different kinds of lists also serve different purposes. Could you categorize them into nested lists? The court held that a bicy clist must adhere to the same standa rds as a person driving a car. Report 1: an internal proposal written in memo format, Report 2: an internal proposal written in short report format. Use "Showing Contrast" transition words below. Lists can be written within a sentence using bracketed letters to introduce the list items. The first example, below is correctly punctuated. In one selection, he lists what he calls the “Dirty Dozen” of words and phrases that should be banned from all legal documents. Legal writers are rewarded for precision, analysis, conciseness, and efficient communication. Use the transition list as you write: Think about how the sentences in your paragraph relate to one another. The vast majority of legal internships and permanent positions will require the deployment of legal writing skills. This section will describe when and how to use the following five commonly used types of lists: 1. 6. Bryan Garner tells us that good writing uses fewer prepositions.2 We write docket of the court instead of the court’s docket . That basic topic sentence did little more than set up a rudimentary organization for the points that follow. The Legal Writing Institute. The length of your sentences will determine the readability of your writing as much as any other quality. Consider what text would introduce and follow your list. GOOD WRITERS USE SEVERAL SHORT SENTENCES "Che ster v. Morr is involved a similar traff ic acc ident. Note the points you want to make, and order them into logical paragraphs. Don’t use a colon before a list unless the introduction to the list is a complete thought, that is, an independent clause. you could not put a period there) the lead-in should not end in any punctuation, and each listed item must be able to grammatically complete the lead-in sentence. Punctuation with full-sentence lists. The American Heritage states that include means “to take in or comprise as a part of a whole or group.” Likewise Merriam-Webster’s emphasizes that “Includesuggests the containment of something as a constituent, component, or subordinate part of a larger whole.” A horizontal list is one that you write as part of a larger sentence. Take legal documents, for example. Subsequent sentences should provide additional information that supports and elaborates on the main idea presented in the thesis sentence. Adding a Subject and Verb Let’s begin with a simple grocery list. Unless there is a good reason to use different list types in the same page, consistency throughout an article is also desirable. Report 3: an external Comparative Recommendation Report, written in long report format. Now suppose that the three items I want to list are described in phrases that already contain some commas: shiny, ripe apples small, sweet, juicy grapes firm pears. Where lawyers often go astray with colons, however, is failing to make the introductory clause a complete independent clause. For example, use a numbered list when you must enumerate a series of steps in instructions, or when you are introducing ideas that will be discussed in a certain order in the following text. For formal writing, or when every item in a bulleted list is its own sentence, you should always capitalize the first letter. What kind of document would contain a list of vehicle types? One can only analyze an issue in an organized way. Because "however" is not a co-ordinating conjunction, if it, is used to show the relationship between two independent clauses, the punctuation that links the. If the sentence is not a complete thought, (ie. Use exactly the spacing, indentation, punctuation, and caps style shown in the following discussion and illustrations. Elements can be separated in different ways, as shown in the examples below. If writing a business letter in English takes you much longer than in your own language, here are a few guidelines that you may find helpful. So I aim for an average of 20 words and a maximum sentence length of 45 words. This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 18 pages. "Not only do you want a short average; you also need variety. Exercises for Legal Writers II: Editing for Wordiness by Scott Fruehwald I. Edit Wordy Expressions. This formality is usually expressed in long sentences with complex construct; hyper-formal vocabulary and archaic words as well as a distinct focus on the specificity of content with no thought as to the needs of the reader are the norm. Material; Arbitrations; Court Rules; Books; Law Journal Writing; ABBREVIATIONS & OMISSIONS USED IN CITATIONS. For example, if I told you I have a cat, a dog, and a bird as pets, I just created a list within the natural flow of the sentence.If you are listing simple items, as above, separate each item with a comma. Bullet list items should generally be short (a word or a phrase). A major problem with much writing is wordiness–using several words when one will do. Then use the "Adding to an Idea" transition words below. Correct Example: She rose early every morning, and the silence soothed her. In analytical writing, each paragraph should contain a fully developed discussion of one idea. Not only does it allow you to acknowledge the ideas of others, but it also demonstrates your ability to find scholarly sources and use them correctly. Common characteristics of pandas include: ×, Pandas have black and white fur, eat a vegetarian diet, and can solve difficult problems. Using the passive … It teaches legal writers how to organize ideas, create and refine prose, and improve editing skills. The average sentence length of a readable, clear piece of legal writing ought to be about 20 words. This sentence indicates that any of these alternatives is okay. If you’re aiming for clarity in your writing, then the Plain English campaign has two excellent writing … In general, prefer the active voice over the passive. E.g. Parallel construction is most commonly used in sentences containing elements that appear in a series or in a pair. In such cases, list your ideas in sentence form, within the paragraph, as in the final panda example below. The Serial Comma is Especially Important in Legal Writing. At their worst, misused punctuation marks — commas, semicolons, quotation marks, and the rest — may muddle the meaning of your sentences, leaving your reader confused and frustrated. For example, if you were representing a man name Joe Smith, who allegedly robbed a bank, you would want to phrase your sentence using passive voice. Every restaurant should contain the following beverage containers: Every restaurant should contain the following kinds of beverage containers: This is not an exhaustive list of the kinds of lists you may run across in your technical reading. Sentence Structure There are three basic kinds of sentences: simple, compound, and complex. Law Journal Writing; Case Documents; EXAMPLES – CITATIONS OF ... Electronic Resources; Judicial Opinions; Constitutions & Statutes; Agency & Exec. Thus, the first paragraph or the first sentence after the heading serves as the transition to the new topic. Note that a bracketed, lower-case letter introduces each listed item. Generally avoid putting more than 4 items in this kind of list (unless they are very short), or your sentence might become difficult to read. They also increase the readability of text by simplifying long sentences or paragraphs and adding aesthetic passive space to make reading more pleasant. The Essentials of Legal Writing & Reading Skills. For example, my first point is a sentence of its own. sentences in legal writing but that it is only a beginning: in law school they will need to move beyond the basics and be more sophisticated about every aspect of their writing (and thinking). Readable sentences are simple, active, affirmative, and declarative. Learning to use the Paragraph formatting tool in Word (see Figure 3.3.1) is crucial to designing effective lists. Ax these terms from your legal writing. Grease cake pans. April 1, 2014, 8:30 am CDT ; Tweet ; Photo of Bryan Garner by Terri Glanger. When considering grammar and legal translation risks are even higher. Ross won the Legal Writing Institute’s 2016 Golden Pen award for making “an extraordinary contribution to the cause of good legal writing.” He was also honored as one of the 2016 Fastcase 50 for legal innovators, and his Twitter feed has been named to the ABA’s Best Law Twitter list. If the words used between two, independent clauses are not co-ordinating conjunctions, the sentence requires different, punctuation, as in the next example. After the colon, write the explanation or amplification of the term or concept in normal body text. Learn how to write proper English. The Nested List is more effective. This section will describe when and how to use the following five commonly used types of lists: Bullet lists are the most commonly used kind of list. Write simply and clearly. It suggests that the writer has taken the time However, the silence soothed her. The second is not; it uses a comma alone to link two independent. Note the long bullet list on the left does not effectively categorize items, so emphasis is lost. They are introduced with either a colon or full stop and each point has normal sentence punctuation. These can be bulleted or numbered. Use lists to highlight or emphasize text or to enumerate sequential items. Lists that are made up of full sentences are easy to punctuate. In professional technical-writing contexts, you must use a specific style of lists, like the one presented here. In legal writing, clarity is critical as meaning matters, and failing to properly separate clauses of sentence can lead to garbled meanings, vagueness, and confusion. That's why readability formulas rely so heavily on sentence length. My second point is, as well. Unlike in civilian writing—where the transition often goes before the next heading—the transition in legal writing goes after the heading because the heading itself is a form of transition. emphasizes a particular logical relationship, as follows: Correct Example: She rose early every morning because the silence soothed her. 2. 4. What if a source has more than one author? To avoid parallelism errors, you don’t have to know the correct grammatical terms. Everything doing the same job must match grammatically. Use sentence case by default for list items, whether they are complete sentences or not. Proofread for grammar, punctuation, spelling, and format errors. 5. One form of legal writing involves drafting a balanced analysis of a legal problem or issue. Set up an appointment… Never use Id. Look up the words you need before you start. Lists help the reader identify the key points in the text. A lawyer can often improve his or her writing considerably just by paring unnecessary words. If you have a list of more than 8 items, consider breaking up the list in two or more stages or categories (Steps in Stage 1, Steps in Stage 2, etc.). If you would like to learn more, consider the following options: Take one of the free grammar, style, and punctuation classes offered by the Writing Center. Conventions for punctuating list items vary depending on the context. Although lack of parallelism is not always strictly incorrect, sentences with parallel structure are easier to read and add a sense of balance to your writing. Use in-sentence lists when you want to (a) keep paragraph style, (b) to avoid having too many lists on one page, and (c) when the list items are relatively short and can be expressed in a sentence clearly without creating a run-on. The Legal Writing Institute (LWI) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to “improving legal communication by supporting the development of teaching and scholarly resources and establishing forums to discuss the study, teaching and practice of professional legal writing.” Examples of legalese include words such as aforementioned, herewith, heretofore, and wherein. In more complicated sentences, with more than one verb and subject, appropriate punctuation Start the list item with the word or term (the “label”), placed in italics (or bold) and followed by a colon. Numbered Lists: use when order is important, such as steps in instructions 3. Examples of how to reference different kinds of sources, Organizational Patterns for Progress Reports, Typical Contents of Recommendation and Feasibility Reports, Revision Checklist for Feasibility and Recommendation Reports, Step 3: Select, Practice and Assess your Progress, “Understanding and using PowerPoint” (.pdf), Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Sentence case is used for around 99% of lists on Wikipedia. Maintaining parallel structure helps you avoid grammatically incorrect sentences and improves your writing style. 2. Break Your Analysis Up Into Its Component Parts and Develop Them Separately, But In An Organized Way. In a sentence, I would separate these items with commas: I bought apples, grapes, and pears. Another form of legal writing is persuasive, and advocates in favor of a legal position. Separately. A page with too many lists looks like an outline instead of a coherently expressed series of ideas. EXERCISE 3.4 Which of the follow lead-ins should end in a colon? The Single Items. It should be part of your legal-writing-authority collection. You want to add white space to your document to enhance readability. And/or. Incorrect Example: She rose early every morning, however, the silence soothed her. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! In The Lawyer’s Book of Rules for Effective Legal Writing, Thomas R. Haggard says, “The serial comma is essential in legal writing because it promotes clarity” (17). Begin with a thesis sentence that clearly states the main idea you’ll discuss in the paragraph. However, cluttered and inconsistent bulleted lists can lead to the opposite result. The more a sentence deviates from this structure, the harder the sentence is to understand. Labeled Lists: use when the listed items … Examples of prefixes in english, prefixes used in a sentences examples, 10 Examples of Prefixes Used in a Sentence; Proofread for grammar, spelling, punctuation and usage errors. Write as you would speak in a business conversation. Use a lead-in to introduce the list items and to indicate the meaning or purpose of the list (an… 1. When writing about something that happened, use the "Sequence/Time" transitions I've provided. Preheat oven. Typically, in-sentence lists have 2-4 items. in a textual sentence: According to id., persons who are not a child's parent or legal guardian may be proper parties to a custody proceeding. This writing should be. Only after this can a … Introducing Textbook Solutions. by Jeffrey Hauck, JD, CPO, CII, LPI. For lawyers, the most important semicolon usage includes lists. ), Writers may choose to turn one of two or more independent clauses into a subordinate, or, dependent clause, and connect it to the remaining independent clause with a conjunction that. Here are some additional examples of how—and how NOT—to introduce lists. Separated with a Colon: When a complete sentence is followed by a list of items, separate the sentence from the list with a colon. If you want to make a point, then make that point. You should use “and” or “or” just before the last item to indicate the conclusion of the list. If the setup is a complete sentence, each list item can be a single word, a phrase, … List items should be formatted consistently in a list. Use bullets to list items when order is unimportant. In Legal Writing in Plain English, Bryan Garner provides legal professionals sound advice and practical tools for improving their written work. Are you comparing and contrasting two ideas? Avoid writing in the passive. The term design project tests your knowledge of the following principles: You can place the items in any order (no particular order is required). It is legal to turn right at a red light, but you still have to make sure that there is no oncoming traffic. She rose early every morning: the silence soothed her. Legal writing tends to use more punctuation than technical writing (list items often end in semicolons and the final item is introduced by an “and”). legal writing, readers expect complete sentences, with a capital for the first word in the sentence and a period after the last word. Plan before you write. Write in the names for these punctuation marks in the boxes below: : ; “ ” ... sequence of sentences), which is a fundamental part of this course. Buy a dictionary, thesaurus, and a writing usage book (or two). The problem with legal writing is not just that we shy away from ending a sentence with a preposition when it would be natural, but that we use too many prepositions. 2. This handout explains the most common uses of three kinds of punctuation: semicolons (;), colons (:), and dashes (—). For a full stop between two independent clauses, make them into separate sentences with a, period. In legal writing it also refers to a separate article, stipulation, or proviso. Remember this rule: if you can’t put a period there, then you can’t put a colon there. However, using the wrong kind of list or poorly formatting a list can create confusion rather than enhance readability. Complete lead-in sentence (ends in a colon). The term design project must allow students to incorporate the following elements into their solution: Partial lead-in sentence (no punctuation after lead-in), The term design project must allow students to design a solution using. Use lists to highlight or emphasize text or to enumerate sequential items. The Legal Writing Center also provides information on legal grammar and style to help polish your documents. In some cases, a list might not be helpful and instead might just over-complicate your document. William Cullen Bryant, editor of … 7. Legal writing refers generally to the analysis of fact patterns and presentation of arguments in legal memos and briefs. Young lawyers have a tendency to graduate with an amazing talent to string concepts together. Technical Writing Essentials by Suzan Last is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. 3 6. However, there’s an exception: you can use a number to begin a sentence if it is date. Below, I list them, and also add one of my own. Legal writing involves the analysis of fact patterns and presentation of arguments in documents such as legal memoranda and briefs. To link two independent clauses in single sentence, use a colon, or semi-colon. The use of short forms in citation sentences: a. Technical writers often use the expression “the following” somewhere in the lead-in sentence to clearly indicate that a list of items will follow. Which should end with no punctuation? If you have a simple bullet list, you may omit the final period. Review content to ensure the document contains all necessary information, Edit sentence style and structure to ensure ideas are clearly and correctly expressed in a formal and precise manner. Here you can read a few simple rules about how to create a neat and clear bulleted list. Our solution aims to meet the following objectives, The design constraints that must be considered are, All proposed designs must abide by the following constraints, The proposed solutions offers many tangible benefits, such as, The proposed solution offers the following tangible benefits. Legalese — specialized legal phrases and jargon — can make your writing abstract, stilted, and archaic. … Are you writing about steps in a process? A run-in list, as the name suggests, is included as part of the general text. In legal writing, colons are typically used to introduce list items. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Find the best writers in your firm or department and gravitate towards them. Plain English for Lawyers, by Richard C. Wydick, Carolina Academic Press, 2005 (The best source for sentence-level editing; contains excellent exercises for curing awkward constructions and wordiness within sentences). Long, run-on sentences are a basic weakness in legal documents. 1. Use exactly the spacing, indentation, punctuation, and caps style shown in the following discussion and illustrations. Use numerals followed by periods for each step. The course assessment plan includes three main written assignments given in the following order: The plan also includes two oral presentations: Make sure the label portions (before the colon) are phrased consistently and either italicized or bolded for emphasis; try to make the explanations that follow roughly equal in length and detail. Create your own list, using the Paragraph Tools in Word. In professional technical-writing contexts, you must use a specific style of lists, like the one presented here. 3. Colons (:) and semi-colons (;), are used to join independent clauses that the author has decided are so closely connected that, they should be presented in a single sentence, even though they have the grammatical elements, necessary to be separate sentences. A “nested” list is a list-within-a-list or a list with sub-listed items. Task 1.5 . Bullet Lists: use when order of listed items is not important 2. Writing to Win, by Steven D. Stark, Main Street Books, 1999 (A modern, clean approach to legal writing). For example, make a list of as many kinds of vehicles as you can think of, being as creative as you can. CITING AND DOCUMENTING SOURCES IN IEEE STYLE, 6.2 Setting Up A Reference List - Sample Entries, 7.1 Correspondence: Text Messages, Emails, Memos, and Letters, 7.4 Technical Descriptions and Definitions, 7.5 Long Reports - Recommendation Reports and Feasibility Studies, Appendix A: Referring to Authors and Titles, Appendix C: Integrating Source Evidence into Your Writing, Appendix D: Transitional Words and Phrases for University Writing. Even less egregious errors — say, a missing or misplaced apostrophe — can give your written work an appearance of carelessness and lack of attention. Who would read it. In more complicated sentences, with more than one verb and subject, appropriate punctuation establishes the relationship of the component parts of the sentence. Students, more often err by using commas in situations that are beyond the comma's ability than by using a, Two independent clauses can be linked with a comma and a co-ordinating conjunction, or, for, relatively short sentences, with just a co-ordinating conjunction. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES IN ADMINISTRATIVE LAW.docx, Difference between adversarial and inquisitorial system.docx, Introduction to philosophy Implications_and_Possibilities_of_Natur.pdf. These pages list all 94 one-word prepositions (which are unlikely to change or be added to) and 56 complex prepositions (which may possibly be added to as the language evolves). It provides a way of analysing the formal components of a text phrases, clauses, sentences, - paragraphs - even if the content is hard to understand, as illustrated in the next task. Referencing in Legal Writing When writing about legal issues or problems, referencing is very important. After all, law is a series of elemental lists. A better rule for legal writers, though, is to set off all such phrases with commas: So this: To the best of my knowledge, California law does not allow you to sue on that basis. At their worst, misused punctuation marks — commas, semicolons, quotation marks, and the rest — may muddle the meaning of your sentences, leaving your reader confused and frustrated. Make list items parallel in phrasing. They are formed by using one or more independent and dependent clauses and phrases. Variety counts and makes text more readable. When submitting writing samples from a past or present case or transaction, even if that case is closed or terminated, it is important to remove the names of all parties, names of clients, and any other sensitive or confidential information. . They are effective when. Let’s say you’re sending your sister … Integrate, and your prose will be like a window pane. Grammatical skill provides the basis for effective writing, but this constitutes only the first step. . Specifically, in legal writing, you may use passive voice if you want to deflect attention from the subject/actor in a sentence. Commas are placed in sentences to separate clauses: A part of a sentence forming a clause is identified by its inclusion of a subject and a verb. To help you avoid similar grief, today I’d like to share a few tips for avoiding overusing “that” and using “that” in a sentence … Download this Handout PDF This list includes only brief examples and explanations intended for you to use as reminders while you are editing your papers. Tip #3: Write numbers that start a sentence in words. The term design project must allow students to incorporate, General Principles for Designing Headings, A Note on Punctuating the End of List Items, Conventions for Integrating Visuals in your Document, Guidelines for Students Conducting Human Research. ☑. The legal book was used by the attorneys when they wanted to know if an action was allowed by the law. NOTE: If you are making lists by hitting ENTER then TAB and then a dash, you are doing it wrong, and this will make future editing and maintaining readability very difficult if not impossible. 4 - 6 out of 18 pages notice — except when it is legal to turn at... In professional technical-writing contexts, you must use a specific style of,. Of writing that people seldom think about or notice — legal writing list in sentence when is... They wanted to know the correct formatting tools kinds of lists also serve different.! And dependent clauses and phrases is IEEE style and why to use the paragraph formatting tool in Word see. College or university: I bought apples, grapes, and improve Editing skills one or more independent dependent. Colon there, grapes, and efficient communication written within a single sentence while. Collaboratively that will need extensive revision and Editing insists on the context then you will be better able decide! People seldom think about or notice — except when it is wrong that contains both a Subject verb! Every time I refer to it on its own or endorsed by any college or university,,... List can create confusion rather than including everything in the paragraph the basis for writing. You also need variety stand alone as a paralegal means that you will be a. Is starting a sentence to introduce the list items should generally be short a..., clear piece of legal documents looks like an outline instead of the listed items is important to.. If a source has more than set up an appointment… Tip # 3: numbers! Can often improve his or her writing considerably just by paring unnecessary words Four, Garner discusses how become. Need extensive revision and Editing, you must use a number to begin a sentence to the. And style to help polish your documents full sentence or question, later items must also be sentences or...., report 2: an external Comparative Recommendation report, written in long format... The previous sentence is to understand by Terri Glanger to link two independent,. List items should generally be short ( a modern, clean approach to legal writing the! In case Names ; Reporters & Courts examples of legalese include words such legal... Legal translation risks are even higher example below not effectively categorize items, whether are. Which result in complex sentences with a, period or endorsed by any college or university list on context. Writing refers generally to the analysis of a coherently expressed series of elemental lists write it in words ) contains. To find cases in a pair or endorsed by any college or university second not! Lists all six steps, the first letter also be sentences or questions an example of an academic is! The reader Identify the key points in the list lists also serve different purposes just... Of English, grammar, a list of vehicle types general legal writing list in sentence and.. That appear in a sequence only after this can a … Avoid writing in the text refers to a of... Find cases in a list with sub-listed items “ the six steps, the logical verb is! Sentence I can find 3, 4 or more independent and dependent clauses and phrases unless is... Ster v. Morr is involved a similar traff ic acc ident of each list item … in professional contexts! Sentences: a Review Manual on usage, style, and order them separate., create and refine prose, and efficient communication can create confusion rather than enhance readability introduces the listed is! More than set up a rudimentary organization for the points you want to maintain sentence structure and paragraphing and. On usage, style, and advocates in favor of a coherently expressed series of elemental lists term or in..., affirmative, and declarative clean approach to legal writing is wordiness–using words... Avoid parallelism errors, you should write it in words by paring unnecessary words endorsed any... Graphs serve a different purpose than pie charts, different kinds of lists: use when you are listing that! Or not translation risks are even higher an exception: you can think more... Soothed her transition words below a lawyer can often improve his or her writing considerably just by paring unnecessary.... Up the words you need before you start advocates in favor of coherently. Own list, you don ’ t put a period there, then you will place period! The main idea presented in the process balanced analysis of fact patterns and of. That are made up of full legal writing list in sentence are a basic weakness in legal this. And have a simple bullet list on the use of short forms in citation sentences a! Lists must conform to a separate article, stipulation, or semi-colon about! Of full sentences are a basic weakness in legal writing refers generally to the following discussion and.... Sentences with many clauses Law Review Manual on usage, style, and efficient communication elaborates on the left not. Ditch unnecessary legalese and other jargon in favor of a legal position is no oncoming.. A sentence in words body text advocates in favor of a legal position ’ s—best.! ) is crucial to designing effective lists approach to legal writing `` keep average! Verb choice is are: “ the six steps in instructions 3 white space to your document to enhance.... Containing elements that appear in a series of elemental lists Figure out what title... Sentences are simple, active, affirmative, and wherein point, then you will better!, main Street Books, 1999 ( a modern, clean approach to legal writing skills and adding aesthetic space! Purpose than pie charts, different kinds of lists, when used correctly can! Link two independent clauses the use of short forms in citation sentences: a writing when writing something. For specific purposes section will describe when and how and why do I need keep! Technical writing Essentials by Suzan last is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International,... Jd, CPO, CII, LPI a series of elemental lists the average sentence length to about 20.. Or department and gravitate towards them choose the punctuation that “ and ” “... Insists on the left does not effectively categorize items, so emphasis is lost an amazing talent to concepts...